1. Alfa-Lactalbumin
2.Beta-Lactoglobulin
3. Lactoperoxidase (LP)
4.Immunoglobulin G (IgG)
5. Lactoferrin (LF)


Waa maxay borotiin

Borotiinka waxaa laga helaa jirka oo dhan - murqaha, lafaha, maqaarka, timaha, iyo gabi ahaanba qaybaha kale ee jirka ama unugyada. Waxay ka kooban tahay enzymes-ka awood u leh fal-celinta kiimikada badan iyo haemoglobin-ka oo qaada dhiiga ogsajiinta. Ugu yaraan 10,000 oo borotiinno kaladuwan ayaa kaa dhigaya waxa aad tahay oo sidaas ku sii xajiya.

Borotiinku wuxuu bixiyaa tamar wuxuuna taageeraa niyaddaada iyo shaqadaada garashada. Waa nafaqo aad muhiim ugu ah dhismaha, hagaajinta, iyo hagaajinta unugyada, unugyada, iyo xubnaha jirka oo dhan.

Waa maxay budada borotiinka?

Budooyinka borotiinka leh waa ilaha ku urursan borotiinka laga helo cuntada xayawaanka ama dhirta, sida caanaha, ukunta, bariiska ama digir. Budooyinka borotiinka leh waxay ka yimaadaan ilo kala duwan waxaana laga heli karaa dhowr qaab. Dadku waxay u istcimaalaan inay kordhiyaan tirada muruqyada, si ay u wanaajiyaan guud ahaan jirka oo ay uga caawiyaan buuxinta baahiyadooda borotiinka.

Laakiin Nooc Nooc Borotiin Borotiin ah Ayaa Ugu Fiican

Waxaa jira noocyo farabadan oo kaladuwan oo budo borotiin ah oo banaanka ah, waxay dareemi kartaa xad dhaaf mararka qaarkood. Halkan hoose waxaa ah 5ta isha ugu wanaagsan ee budada borotiinka.

1.Alpha-LactalbuminPhcoker

Alfa-lactalbumin waa borotiinka dabiiciga ah ee whey borotiinka oo ay kujirto dabiici ahaan aad u sarreeya oo ah dhammaan aasaaska aasaaska leh ee loo yaqaan 'amino acids' (BCAA), taas oo ka dhigaysa isha gaarka ah ee borotiinka Astaamaha ugu muhiimsan ee amino acids-ka ee alfa-lactalbumin waa tryptophan iyo cysteine, oo ay weheliso BCAAs; leucine, isoleucine iyo valine.

Sababta oo ah waxa kujira maadada sare ee amino acids (BCAA, ~ 26%), gaar ahaan leucine, alpha-lactalbumin waxay si wax ku ool ah u taageertaa una kicisaa isku-darista borotiinka muruqyada, taasoo ka dhigaysa isha ugufiican ee borotiinka ee lagu hagaajiyo caafimaadka muruqyada waxayna ka hortagtaa sarcopenia inta lagu jiro gabowga.

2.Beta-LactoglobulinPhcoker

Beta-Lactoglobulin (ß-lactoglobulin, BLG) waa borotiinka ugu weyn ee loo yaqaan 'whey protein' ee caano ifaya sidoo kale wuxuu ku jiraa caanaha xayawaan kale, laakiin lagama helo caanaha aadanaha. Beta-lactoglobulin waa borotiinka loo yaqaan 'lipocalin protein', wuxuuna ku dhejin karaa moleekuleyaal badan oo hydrophobic ah, taasoo soo jeedineysa doorka safarkooda. -lactoglobulin ayaa sidoo kale la muujiyay inuu awood u leeyahay inuu birta ku xidho dhinac-biyoodka sidaa darteedna uu door ku yeelan karo la-dagaallanka cudurrada. β-Lactoglobulin wuxuu leeyahay astaamo firfircoon oo shaqo iyo nafaqo leh kuwaasoo ka dhigtay borotiinkan waxyaabo badan oo isku dhafan oo loogu talagalay cuntooyin badan iyo codsiyada bayoolaji.

3.Lactoperoxidase (LP)Phcoker

Lactoperoxidase waa enzyme dabiici ah oo laga helo caanaha naasaha, iyo sidoo kale dareeraha kale ee jirka sida ilmada iyo candhuufta. Waxay u shaqeysaa sida kiciya, oksidhiyeyaasha io-ga loo yaqaan 'thiocyanate ion' iyadoo ay jirto joogitaanka hydrogen peroxide galay aashitada hypothiocyanous. Aashitada waxay kala dishaa caano iyo ion-ka hypothiocyanate waxay la tacaamulaan kooxaha suphydryl si ay u kiciyaan enzymes-ka dheefshiidka kiimikaad ee bakteeriyada. Tani waxay ka hortagtaa bakteeriyada in ay tarmiso waxayna sii kordhin kartaa tayada la aqbali karo ee caano cayriin.

Lactoperoxidase waxaa loo yaqaanaa inay leeyihiin guryaha lidka ku ah dawooyinka lidka-antioxidant. Sida lagu sheegay daraasad lagu daabacay joornaalka 'Journal of Applied Microbiology', wuxuu leeyahay sifooyin bakteeriyada dila oo waxtar u leh maqaarka isla markaana baabi'in kara bakteeriyada keenta finanka. Lactoperoxidase sidoo kale waa qayb muhiim ah oo ka kooban isku darka waxyaabaha la isticmaalo si looga hortago yerooyinka, fangaska, fayraska iyo bakteeriyada inay ku koraan waxyaabaha la isku qurxiyo iyo waxyaabaha kale ee qurxinta.

Lactoperoxidase waa glycoprotein leh hawlo ka dhan ah microbial-ka, waxaa loo istcimaalaa qayb ka mid ah xasilinta si ay gacan uga geysato hagaajinta xasilloonida qaab dhismeedka iyo nolosha sheyga.

4.Immunoglobulin G (IgG)Phcoker

Immunoglobulin G (IgG) waa daawada ugu badan ee antibody-ga ee dhiiga (plasma), taasoo noqota 70-75% immunoglobulins immunoglobulins (unugyada difaaca jirka). IgG wuxuu baabi'iyaa walxaha waxyeelada leh wuxuuna muhiim u yahay aqoonsiga dhismayaasha antigen-antibody ee ku dhaca leukocytes iyo macrophages. IgG waxaa loo gudbiyaa uur-kujirka iyada oo loo marayo mandheerta waxyna difaacdaa dhallaanka ilaa nidaamkiisa difaaca uu shaqeynayo.

Immunoglobulin wuxuu ku dhejin karaa maadada 'pathogenic microorganisms' iyo sunta si ay u sameyaan unugyada ka hortagga jirka, kuwaas oo hagaajin kara ka hortagga nidaamka dadka waaweyn.

5.Lactoferrin(LF)Phcoker

Lactoferrin waa borotiin dabiici ah oo laga helo caano laga helo dadka iyo lo'da. Waxa kale oo laga helaa dhowr dareerayaal kale ah oo jirka ka mid ah sida candhuufta, ilmada, xab, iyo bile. Lactoferrin waxaa laga helaa xaddiga ugu badan ee dambas, nooca ugu horreeya ee caanaha naaska ee la soo saaro ka dib markuu ilmuhu dhasho. Waxyaabaha ugu muhiimsan ee jirka ee loo yaqaan 'Lactoferrin' waxaa ka mid ah isku xidhka iyo qaadista bir. Waxay kaloo gacan ka geysataa la-dagaallanka caabuqa.

Lactoferrin wuxuu muhiim u yahay kororka howlaha difaaca ee dhallaanka naaska nuuga. Waxay siisaa waxqabadka bakteeriyada ka hortaga iyo tallaalka kahortaga dhallaanka. LF waa qeyb ka mid ah nidaamka difaaca jirka ee mas'uul ka ah difaaca heerka xabka, sababta oo ah firfircoonida daawada ee sare.

Lactoferrin iyo kaabitaannada lactoferrin si weyn ayaa loo bartay. Dadka qaar waxay qaataan lactoferrin supplements si ay uga helaan faa iidooyinka antioxidant iyo anti-bararka.

Beeraha warshadaha, budada lactoferrin waxaa loo isticmaalaa in lagu dilo bakteeriyada inta lagu gudajiro hilibka.

Tixraaca:

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